Here are the 9 most common types of cancer

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About 80% survive their cancer for a year or more, and almost 60% survive their cancer for five years or more.

Early-stage colon cancer can often be identified and treated with a colonoscopy. A colonoscopy uses a tiny camera mounted on a small flexible tube to look for signs of colon cancer.

During a colonoscopy, small, early-stage malignant tumors can also be removed. Surgery is usually needed for larger tumors. It is sometimes used with radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and/or immunotherapy. These therapies reduce the size of tumors and stop their spread.

3. Breast cancer can be a big killer in women and some men too

Breast cancer can kill both men and women.

  • In 2022 in the United States, 287,850 incidences of breast cancer are expected.
  • Of these, these forms of cancer were expected to result in something like 43,250 deaths.

Cancer cells in the lining of the breast lobules or ducts cause breast cancer. While the vast majority of cases are found in women, men account for about 1% of all breast cancer cases. The process by which cells become cancerous and infiltrate other body tissues takes time.

Surgical treatments for breast cancer may include removal of breast tissue and associated lymph nodes (mastectomy) or lumpectomy.

Besides surgery, there are other methods to help treat this type of cancer. These include, but are not limited to:-

  • Radiation therapy to kill cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy is a method of treating cancer with drugs.
  • The use of hormone therapy to reduce or stop the growth of cancers that are sensitive to certain hormones, such as estrogen
  • Biological therapies for cancer treatment rely on your body’s immune system.
  • Targeted drugs that destroy specific cancer cells or prevent them from growing

4. Pancreatic cancer is another big killer

Here are the 9 most common types of cancer

Few people survive pancreatic cancer.

  • In 2022 in the United States, 62,210 incidences of pancreatic cancer are predicted.
  • Of these, these forms of cancer were expected to result in something like 49,830 deaths.

Pancreatic cancer, once started, tends to be one of the most aggressive cancers. It frequently kills quickly and produces uncomfortable symptoms like these:

  • Intense abdominal pain.
  • Blocked bile ducts (the tubes that drain digestive juices from the liver).
  • Bleeding.
  • Asciteswhich is a buildup of fluid in your belly.

Despite its aggressive nature, there are still not many reliable screening options for pancreatic cancer. However, regular ultrasound and MRI/CT imaging tests should be performed on those at increased risk.

Aggressive chemotherapy and surgery are often needed for people with this type of cancer. When tumors cannot be removed, radiation therapy may be used to reduce their size.

Only 10-20% of cancer patients are candidates for surgery. In the United States, five-year survival rates for localized pancreatic cancer are about 42%, but for all stages of pancreatic cancer they drop to 11%.

5. Prostate cancer kills many men every year

Here are the 9 most common types of cancer

Prostate cancer is a big killer of older men.

  • In 2022 in the United States, 268,490 incidences of prostate cancer are predicted.
  • Of these, these forms of cancer were expected to result in something like 34,500 deaths.

The prostate is located between the rectum and the bladder in the center of the lower pelvis. Its main purpose is to produce the fluid that nourishes sperm in men.

Since the prostate is a gland rather than an organ in itself, it is an example of something called adenocarcinoma. It typically affects older men, is more common in black men, and is more likely to run in families.

Prostate tumors usually grow slowly. This form of cancer may not show signs immediately in its victims, and in older men in particular, it can move so slowly that only minimal treatment is recommended. As a result, doctors might opt ​​for a wait-and-see approach to treatment. Interestingly, many people with prostate cancer die from unrelated causes, such as heart attack or stroke.

Even if they have no symptoms, older men should be checked frequently for prostate cancer using a digital rectal exam and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, although Many professionals today dispute the usefulness of prostate screening.

Treatment for prostate cancer usually involves one or more of the following:

  • A prostatectomy or surgery where part or all of the gland is surgically removed.
  • The use of external radiation
  • Brachytherapy involves the use of radioactive iodine, which is inserted into the prostate to treat cancer.

6. Esophageal cancer is another very serious form of cancer

Here are the 9 most common types of cancer

Esophageal cancer also kills many people.

  • In 2022 in the United States, 20,640 incidences of esophageal cancer are predicted.
  • Of these, these forms of cancer were expected to result in something like 16,410 deaths.

The esophagus is the muscular tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach. Older age, being male, smoking, drinking alcohol, and having severe acid reflux (where stomach acid rises into the lower esophagus) are risk factors for esophageal cancer.

Depending on how advanced the cancer is, there are a variety of possible treatments, such as surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapies.

7. Liver cancer is surprisingly common.

Here are the 9 most common types of cancer

Liver cancer is unfortunately on the rise.

  • In 2022 in the United States, 41,260 incidences of liver cancer are predicted.
  • Of these, these forms of cancer were expected to result in something like 30,520 deaths.

One of the most common types of cancer in the world is liver cancer. Although liver cancer is not common in the United States, it has been on the rise since the 1980s, with its incidence more than doubling.

Chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C infections are the main cause of liver cancer. Blood and semen are just two bodily fluids that can spread either disease. Although there is no vaccine for hepatitis C, the CDC recommends that all children get the hepatitis B vaccine.

Intrahepatic bile duct cancer, which develops in the ducts that transfer bile from the liver and gallbladder to the small intestine, where bile aids in the digestion of dietary fats, is a closely related cancer.

8. Brain cancers are another very deadly form of cancer.

Here are the 9 most common types of cancer

Brain cancer is less common, but very deadly.

  • In 2022 in the United States, 25,050 incidences of brain and nervous system cancer are predicted.
  • Of these, these forms of cancer were expected to result in something like 18,280 deaths.

In adults, brain tumors rarely start in the brain. Instead, they usually spread there from other malignancies.

However, because malignant tumors are classified according to where they originated, brain tumors caused by tumors that started elsewhere in the body are generally excluded from brain cancer survival statistics.

If a person died of cancer that started in the lungs and spread to the brain, for example, the death would impact lung cancer survival numbers rather than brain cancer survival statistics. .

According to the Mayo Clinic, most brain tumors in children, however, start in the brain. Family history and head radiation exposure are risk factors for brain tumors. Typically, radiation exposure occurs during treatment for another cancer.

Treatment options for brain tumors can range from surgery and radiation therapy to chemotherapy, immunotherapies and targeted drugs, depending on the type of tumor and the extent of malignancy at the time of diagnosis.

9. Leukemia is a very unpleasant variant of cancer

Here are the 9 most common types of cancer

Leukemia is also a big killer.

  • In 2022 in the United States, 25,050 incidences of brain and nervous system cancer are predicted.
  • Of these, these forms of cancer were expected to result in something like 18,280 deaths.

Leukemias develop from stem cells in the bone marrow, which differentiate into different blood cell precursors and eventually blood cells. It is caused by an increase in the number of white blood cells in your body. These excess white blood cells don’t work properly and crowd out the red blood cells and platelets your body needs.

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